Reader’s Contribution

Source

https://m.facebook.com/groups/707983799310040?view=permalink&id=1621706947937716

By Linda Duffield

On this day (17th June) in 1943….

Kenley’s Canadian Wing engaged in an offensive fighter sweep over France, which turned into a huge, confusing dogfight involving 80-100 FW190s of JG26 and 24 Spitfires.

403 squadron’s pilots all made it back to Kenley safely, except F/O Marshall who landed at Redhill because his Spitfire had been damaged in combat.

421 squadron were less fortunate, losing Squadron Leader Phillip L. I. Archer DFC, and Flying Officer James E. McNamara in the area of St. Omer, France.

PHILLIP LESLIE IRVING ARCHER was born on the 10th February, 1917, in Bridgetown, Barbados. He was the son of Frederick Leslie Archer (a famous cricketer) and Millicent Beryl Archer, of Hastings and Belleville, St. Michael, Barbados. He left Barbados for Canada in 1936, to study Agricultural Science at McGill University. He was described as a quietly-spoken, dark-haired youth who specialised in Bacteriology. A month after graduating with a B.S.c., he joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, enlisting in Montreal in June 1940.
Having earned his wings, he was posted overseas in February 1941, and joined 92 squadron on the 5th May. He was transferred to 412 and then 416 squadrons, by which time he had started to build up an impressive record in combat.
On the 9th February 1943, he was awarded the DFC, with the following citation:

“This officer has completed sorties over enemy territory and has destroyed at least four enemy aircraft. On one occasion, although wounded in the leg, Flight Lieutenant Archer flew his badly damaged aircraft back to the base where he executed a skilful landing. He is a most efficient leader.”

On the 13th June, 1943, he was promoted to Squadron Leader and attached to 421 squadron, taking command on the 17th June – the day he was killed in action, flying Spitfire Mk.IX LZ996.
His final tally was six enemy aircraft destroyed, the final FW190 on the day he died, though later research shows that this may have been a collision.
He was laid to rest in Longuenesse (St. Omer) Souvenir Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France. Plot 8. Row A. Grave 1.
Phillip was 27 years old when he died.

JAMES EMMETT MCNAMARA of Northcliffe Avenue, Montreal, worked at the Royal Insurance Company, prior to enlisting in the RCAF, in September 1941. He was posted overseas, won his Commission in July 1942 and was promoted to Flying Officer in January 1943. Details about his life are hazy, but he may have served in Malta and had a brother called Howard, who also served in the RCAF. He was flying, Spitfire IX, BS319, when he was killed in action on 17th June, 1943, during Rodeo 231.
Having no known grave, he is commemorated on Panel 174 of the Runnymede Memorial.

Rest in Peace gentlemen, and thank you for your service.

Here is the entry for Thursday 17th June, 1943, from the 403 squadron Operations Record Book. Archer is mentioned, despite being from 421sq, because F/O Marshall sees him go down. McNamara’s loss isn’t recorded here.

It was 5/10ths cloud and very windy today. Rodeo 231: W/C Johnson led the Wing whose role was Third Fighter Sweep. They crossed Dover at 15,000 feet and entered France at Gravelines at 24,000 feet. Thirty plus enemy aircraft were sighted West of Ypres. The W/C took 421 down onto these enemy a/c and 403 Squadron followed down to act as cover. After the first attack, 421 Squadron climbed back to reform and Yellow 3, F/O Marshall identified S/L Archer of 421 Squadron as the a/c that was flying along side him at this time. They were flying at about 21,000 feet when Yellow 3 noticed 2 FW 190s closing in on this 421 Squadron a/c and he was about to call for a break when he himself was hit, forcing him to break to the port and up rapidly. No more was seen of S/L Archer. F/S Shouldice, who at this time saw a FW 190 attack Yellow 3, fired Cannon and MG at him from 200 yards before his own section was attacked by five or six enemy aircraft and so F/S Shouldice broke to the port without observing any results of his fire. P/O Bullick of 421 Squadron saw a FW 190 with bits flying off it, streaming black smoke and going straight down. Since no other attack was made at this time by any other pilot of the Wing, F/S Shouldice is credited with destroying this FW 190. Blue Section, led by F/L MacDonald, came out of France at Sangette at about 16,000 feet while the rest of 403 Squadron turned back into France at Cap Gris Nez to allow Yellow 3 and 4 to catch up before they all returned to England, crossing between Dover and Folkstone. At 1605 hours, eleven of our aircraft landed back at base, while F/O Marshall, Yellow 3, landed at Redhill. He was uninjured but the a/c was damaged by enemy action and was a Cat B. There was heavy flak, accurate for height and position, from St. Omer and also some flak thrown up from Gravelines.
The Sections were as follows:
Blue Section Red Section Yellow Section
F/L MacDonald S/L Godefroy F/L Conrad P/O Sheppard Sgt Small P/O Hamilton P/O Bowen F/O McKay F/O Marshall F/O Brannagan WO Hargraves F/S Shouldice
There were only two non-operational sorties today.

Sources:
ORB.
http://rcafassociation.ca/heritage/history/403-squadron-orb/403-squadron-operations-record-book-1943/

S/L Archer
http://aircrewremembered.com/archer-phillip.html
https://www.caribbeanaircrew-ww2.com/?tag=squadron-leader

F/O Mcnamara
https://www.backtonormandy.org/the-history/air-force-operations/airplanes-allies-and-axis-lost/spitfire/110505-4152499.html
http://www.rwrwalker.ca/RAF_owned_BP100.html
http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/memorials/canadian-virtual-war-memorial/detail/1079700?James%20Emmett%20McNamara

Squadron Leader Archer

F/O Mcnamara

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75 years ago – Remembering the Fallen

75 years ago today Leslie Sydney Ford died. He was 23 years-old. There is an error on the headstone. Leslie Sydney Ford was born 30th December, 1919.

Collection Robert Brookes

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Colorised version done by Doug Banks

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The names were researched by Doug Banks and the blog author.

Leslie Sydney Ford is remembered here.

Syd” Ford was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 30 December 1919. His youth was spent in Liverpool, Nova Scotia, where he was often seen sailing his small craft in the harbour. He attended Acadia University but ended his education to enlist in Halifax in 1940.

His flight training began in Canada and he was awarded his wings in January 1941. From Canada he was posted to England in February 1941 where he received further training. He served with No. 403 Squadron, April to September of 1941 ; No. 402 Squadron, September 1941 to January 1942; No. 175 Squadron, February to July 1942, returning to No. 403 Squadron as “B” Flight Commander in July 1942.

His promotion to Commanding Officer came in August of 1942. His next posting was to Digby as Wing Commander (Flying), in April of 1943. Ford was killed in action, 4 June 1943 while attacking enemy shipping off the Dutch coast. With four other pilots of No. 402 Squadron, he attacked three E-boats* and was shot down into the sea.

Syd Ford was credited with 6 aerial victories including 19 August 1942, when he led his squadron in support of the combined operations against Dieppe with great skill. Several enemy aircraft were destroyed, two of which were shot down by Squadron Leader Ford. Throughout, he was an inspiring example instilling great confidence in his fellow pilots.

As a flying officer he carried out many operational missions, having been engaged in fighter sweeps and in bombing attacks on land and sea targets. He participated in two attacks when two mine sweepers and an enemy destroyer were sunk and two destroyers were damaged. He was a keen and zealous flight commander and leader.

Wing Commander Ford is buried in the General Cemetery at Vlieland, Frisian Islands, Friesland, Holland.

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* The ships were in fact minesweepers.

Reader’s Comment

Stephen Nickerson commented on William Thompson Lane.

It was interesting to read that the 403 was visited by W/C Ford the day P/O W.T. Lane was missing. On March 13th, 1943, while carrying out an escort assignment to American B-17s, Ford’s Spitfire was suffering engine trouble on the return leg of this mission. He ordered the squadron to return to base immediately because the American bombers’ C/O did not take his fighter escorts limited flying range while flying over France that day. P/O Lane who was acting as (Red 4) stayed with Ford while the rest of the 403 left the area. Lane had consumed more fuel then the rest in the section because he was acting as tail in Charlie. Fortunately, for Ford his engine recovered and Lane warned him of enemy aircraft attacking. Lane received several hits to his fighter in protecting his leader before both escaped. I’m sure W/C Ford was upset to hear that Lane was missing the day he came to visit his old squadron.

William Thompson Lane is in the back row, second from the right. On the extreme right is Fred Turner.

More on this picture later…

Courtesy Doug Banks

In France, it’s called le devoir de mémoire

Bonjour

Je suis à la recherche d’informations au sujet du pilote : Donald John Shapter, J/35505, 403e Escadron de l’ARC (code KH). Mort le 14 juillet 1944 sur la commune de Saint-Lambert dans le Calvados, Normandie, France.

Je fleuris régulièrement sa tombe dans le petit cimetière de St-Lambert, mon devoir de mémoire.

Voilà je vous remercie d’avance.

Cordialement Jacques

 

 

Translation

Hello,

I am looking for information about a pilot: Donald John Shapter, J/35505,403 RCAF Squadron (code KH). He died on 14 July 1944 in the commune of Saint-Lambert in Calvados, Normandy, France.

I regularly place flowers on his grave in the small cemetery of St-Lambert, this is my duty to remember.

I thank you in advance.

Yours sincerely

Jacques

 

Many people in France still remember the Fallen. A lady in France is doing the same with Leclare Walker.

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Ronny Bosmann does the same in the Netherlands remembering Admiral Byrd.

P1070634

These are two pictures of Donald John Shapter, J/35505. First when he was not still a commissioned officer.

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44486_83024005550_0584-00016

Donald John Shapter, J/35505 earned his wings at No.6 SFTS Dunnville.

Donald Shapter is remembered on the Canadian Virtual War Memorial.

In memory of
Flying Officer
Donald John Shapter
July 14, 1944

Military Service:

Service Number: J/35505
Age: 24
Force: Air Force
Unit: Royal Canadian Air Force
Division: 403 Sqdn.

Additional Information:

Son of the Revd. Charles P. Shapter and Margaret M. Shapter; husband of Elizabeth Jean Shapter, of Toronto, Ontario.

Commemorated on Page 440 of the Second World War Book of Remembrance. Request a copy of this page.

Burial Information:

Cemetery: ST. LAMBERT CHURCHYARD ; Calvados, France
Grave Reference: N/A
Location: St. Lambert is a village and commune 20 miles (32 kilometres) south-west of Caen, 25 miles (40 kilometres) south-south-east of Bayeux, and 6 miles (9 kilometres) south-west of Thury-Elarcourt. This is a small town on the N.162 Caen to Flers road, 16 miles (26 kilometres) south-south-west of Caen. There is 1 Commonwealth burial of the 1939-1945 war here, in the north-west corner of the churchyard.

I guess Jacques will be sending me a picture of Donald Shapter grave.